Lahaina Noon will occur this year starting on Saturday, May 14, 2022, with the second round of occurrences set to end on July 27, 2022. Yes, it’s hard to believe that it’s already nearly summer in Hawaii! Lahaina Noon is the solar phenomenon that was named in a contest sponsored by the Bishop Museum. It occurs when the Hawaii sun is directly overhead, and, being at a 90 degree angle, casts no shadow.
Lahaina Noon travels through the islands from south to north, starting Saturday on the Big Island. This only happens in the tropics as the sun doesn’t pass directly overhead in other parts of the world. Only those places located between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn experience this effect when there’s overhead sun both before and following the summer solstice.
We’re covering the dates and times in today’s post and also giving you tips on sun protection while you watch this yearly tropical solar phenomenon.
Hawaii stands alone in the U.S. as having this special event. It replaces the summer solstice, when the sun’s rays are most direct, and occurs both before and following the start of summer. Additionally, Lahaina Noon serves as a reminder of just how strong the Hawaii sun really is at our location south of the Tropic of Cancer. The word Lahaina translates from the Hawaiian language to mean cruel sun. Another ancient Hawaiian name for the event was Kau ka lā i ka lolo, a hoʻi ke aka i ke kino,” a phrase meaning high noon.
Hawaii is the only place in the United States to experience the sun’s direct rays, also known as subsolar point, since it’s the only state in the tropics.
During Lā Hainā (the old name for Lahaina) Noon, solar noon, or local noon, any vertical object (think telephone poles, for example) won’t have a shadow cast. This is because the further south you are in Hawaii, the earlier and the later Lahaina Noon occurs each year. We’ve enjoyed Lahaina noon at one of the most popular spots, Honolulu Hale’s Sky Gate sculpture.
Lāhainā noon in Hawaiʻi 2022 Dates and Times
Here are the dates and times when you’ll find the Hawaii sun directly overhead:
☼ Haleiwa Oahu May 28, 12:30PM and July 14, 12:38PM
☼ Hana Maui May 23, 12:21PM and July 19, 12:30PM
☼ Hilo Hawaii May 18, 12:17PM and July 24, 12:27PM
☼ Honolulu Oahu May 26, 12:29PM and July 16, 12:38PM
☼ Kahului Maui May 24, 12:23PM and July 18, 12:32PM
☼ Kailua-Kona Hawaii May 17, 12:20PM and July 24, 12:31PM
☼ Kaunakakai Molokai May 25, 12:25PM and July 17, 12:34PM
☼ Lahaina Maui May 24, 12:24PM and July 18, 12:33PM
☼ Lanai City Lanai May 24, 12:25PM and July 18, 12:34PM
☼ Lihue Kauai May 30, 12:35PM and July 11, 12:43PM
☼ South Point May 14, 12:19PM and July 27, 12:29PM
☼ Waimea Hawaii May 19, 12:19PM and July 22, 12:29PM
Sun warning: 10 tips for Hawaii vacations
While it’s obvious just how strong the sun is here in Hawaii, you’d be surprised how many visitors we see who look painfully burned to a crisp.
Enough sun can make your Hawaii vacation rock. But too much sun can simply ruin your vacation. Doctors say that even a single severe burn can double one’s melanoma risk. And Hawaii’s beaches put you more at risk, since the sand reflects 25% of solar rays.
1. Sunscreen hasn’t been proven effective in preventing skin cancer. Covering up is the only thing that works. But, we know, who wants to do that. See tips #4 and #6.
2. Zinc or titanium oxide-based sunscreens are still considered safest and most effective in preventing sunburn. Read our recent article: Hawaiian Sunscreen | Health and Safety Updates. It also includes information about Hawaii’s new sunscreen law, which is now in effect.
3. Choose safe sunscreens applied at two-hour intervals, and more frequently when in the water.
4. Be alert to excessive sun exposure from 10:00AM until 3:00PM.
5. Don’t forget to apply sun protection to easily burned ears and lips.
6. Wear a hat and sunglasses.
7. Don’t use old sunscreen that’s been sitting around for years.
8. Help protect Hawaii’s precious coral. Chemical barrier (vs. physical barrier) sunscreen can damage Hawaii’s reef system.
9. Drink more water during periods of sun exposure.
10. Research sunscreens for effectiveness and safety.
Photo at Hilton Hawaiian Village, Waikiki..